Sofrito Recipe : The Magic of Flavor and Fragrance


by Michelle Krell Kydd

As children we grow accustomed to the aromas and flavors of the kitchen as they are presented to us. They form a palette which we draw upon, coloring future experiences of taste. I recall the smell of my mother’s broiled chicken—the distinct mingling of garlic salt, sweet paprika, fatted chicken skin and fire. The scent would waft out from the kitchen, eventually sneaking out into hallway of our fourth floor apartment like a genie being slowly released from its bottle. Formative taste memories permit seduction by flavor repeatedly and sofrito teases and taunts like no other aromatic preparation I have ever encountered. …

The soul of a great cook is possessed by an alchemist and a conjurer. The alchemist works in the realms of weights and measures, readying ingredients for transformation. The conjurer tenders a part of their spirit as an offering, the end result being a melding of essences—that of the cook and their creation. Josephine Nieves is an example such a cook. Returning home from a long day’s work, I would pass by her basement apartment door and become transfixed by cumin, garlic, and essences so well combined that I could not separate the individual ingredients no matter how hard I tried. The effusive bouquet would welcome me like a good friend, a comforting reminder that I was at long last, home.

Apartment living is a melting pot of cooking magic. Between 4:00 and 8:00 p.m. one’s appetite can be stirred by the ether of aromas escaping individual kitchens. Beckoning scents traverse hallways and stairwells, like friendly wide-eyed souls looking for company. The scents from Josephine’s kitchen coaxed my appetite until I was no longer satisfied with living in the fantasy of tasting what I smelled at her doorway. Josephine and I shared many conversations about life and as our talks migrated toward food, the subject began to take on a life of its own. I began bringing freshly baked Middle Eastern pastries like hamentashen, maamoul and all manner of cakes to her house. She reciprocated with arroz con pollo (chicken and rice), tostones (fried, sweet plantain) and the most fabulous rice and beans I have ever tasted.

One afternoon, I stood at her door with a copy of my hamentashen recipe in hand. I reached for the bell and drew a deep breath; it was that familiar savory bouquet I had become well-acquainted with over the years. As I exhaled, she opened the door and I stood there, intoxicated by the smell of her cooking. I didn’t even say hello, “What is that aroma?” I asked. “I’ve smelled it for years and always wondered what it was.” Josephine was beaming, but there was a glimmer of something very serious in her eyes. “I will show you one day,” she said. One day felt like a lifetime, but I knew that I had to be patient—not all cooks give away their secrets. A week later, we met in the laundry room and she thanked me for the cookie recipe I had given her. “Wait here,” she said, “I have something for you.”

The door to her apartment creaked open as she left and slowly shut behind her with a moan. She appeared suddenly, footsteps virtually silent as she walked towards me with a carafe in her hands and said, “This is sofrito.” Fifteen seconds of stillness followed her pronouncement and I felt like I had been handed a kitchen scepter. Sofrito is the base that supports a vast repertoire of dishes in Latin cooking and aesthetically speaking, it is a cook’s signature, a unique mark that accents all savory dishes. For this reason sofrito recipes are not generally shared with others. A good cook has to figure how to make a sofrito recipe on their own, improvising on proportions of what they tasted in the kitchens of their childhood. Josephine’s sofrito contains sweet peppers, culantro (a relative of cilantro that grows in tropical climates), garlic and olive oil. Some cooks add onions, but Josephine insists that they aren’t necessary. She would not write down the exact measurements because, like most of her recipes, they reside inside her—the carafe and folklore are all I was permitted. Grateful, I rushed upstairs to prepare an omelet in which to use the sofrito.

I cracked three eggs into a bowl and added a tablespoon of sofrito. Beating the mixture with a fork, I leaned over to catch a whiff. The garlic was strong and I couldn’t get a singular sense of the other ingredients. I turned the knob on the gas stove and my anticipation grew with the heat. For a moment, I was ten and in my mother’s kitchen, arms folded on the table, the sound of aluminum foil rattling as it was being made into a makeshift tray to corral pieces of chicken. The eggs hit the frying pan with a low hiss and the air grew rich with a familiar aroma. I was transported through a revolving door of years, days, hours, seconds—I was nine and making eggs on the stove for the first time. Seconds lapsed into a crescendo of the present. I turned down the flame and put the eggs on a plate, recalling the glimmer in Josephine’s eyes when she handed me the carafe. As I tasted the eggs, a sense of separation and longing that I had carried for years, melted away. Knowledge and satisfaction could not deflate this truth; I was in possession of magic, and myself, fully possessed.


If culantro is not available, feel free to use cilantro, which is bright and citrusy in flavor, in contrast to the darker, earthier culantro. Josephine’s recipe for sofrito might include 1 large handful of culantro (substitute cilantro), 4 garlic cloves, 1 red bell pepper, ½ cup of olive oil, ½ teaspoon salt. Grind in a mortar or a food processor till the mixture turns into a paste. I find that it is wonderful as a sauce for braising vegetables, meat, shellfish and salmon, or as a spice paste for rice and beans. Freshly made, it is exquisite on grilled bread topped with tender mozzarella. Much like the French mirepoix and the Italian soffritto, it is a perfect way to add a beautiful layered flavor to any dish.

Photo of culantro from Spice Pages.



  • Elle: What a magical, wonderful story! This is the tragedy of not living in apartments any longer. I have no access to my own Josephine. But I’m definitely going to make sofrito this weekend. I much prefer culantro to cilantro and will have to track some down around here. March 16, 2007 at 8:17am Reply

  • Mike P: Wow, reading about ‘sofrito’ on a perfume blog – what a nice surprise. Of course I grew up smelling sofrito as a Latin in Miami and yes, I vividly remember this smell – nothing quite like it in food or in perfumes either (I haven’t smelled ANY ‘foodie’ scents that have captured Latin herbs/spices).

    Especially the smell of fresh cut culantro (the Puerto Rican’s call it ‘recao’…pronounced REH-COW), which my grandmother used to grow in her garden and would ask me to run out into the garden and pick some for her.

    Wonderful smells. Wonderful memories.

    Wonderful article too. March 16, 2007 at 3:50pm Reply

  • Althusa: The powers of the alchemist and the conjurer are also evident in your writing. I’m not sure how you’ve done it, but I feel as if I’ve had a direct, unmediated experience of the warmth, the smells, and even the human connection you describe. For me, it went straight to the primitive brain, and tapped into some deep longings and desires. This goes beyond good food writing. March 16, 2007 at 2:31pm Reply

  • princesa: Pretty much everything that I ate from 5 years old to 25 was based on my granmas sofrito: Virgin olive oil, sliced garlic, chopped onions and “salsa de tomate frito”. This was pretty much the base of all the cooked dishes we ate at home. I used to love dipping into the fragrant sofrito with a piece a fresh spanish bread. I dont really know about southamerican sofrito as I am not very fond of cilantro or any spices whatsoever (spanish people use very little spices, almost none, at cooking) but sure it sounds beautifully fragrant. 🙂 March 18, 2007 at 1:36pm Reply

  • Tomi: Thank you for sharing this memory that so closely conjures up memories of my own. I grew up in the Bronx, NY in a 6th floor apartment and remember so well the aroma’s of dinner time. I learned how to make homemade ravioli from my Italian girlfriend’s mother and Carne Asada from a Nicaraguan friend. We had Jewish neighbors that introduced me to Matza Ball Soup and my own mother was no slouch at Latin cooking which is why I am totally addicted to plantains, sofrito and black beans and rice. Moving to California, raising children and working full-time had made me more of a fast-food, frozen entree, quick chicken and salad kind of gal and this article brings back what I have lost. I think I will surprise my family tonight with a meal that expresses my Spanish heritage and fill my home with scents from the past that will now become part of the present! November 1, 2007 at 2:38pm Reply

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